(2s)-2-hydroxybutanedioic acid

Molecule Viewer


Thermodynamics at 298.15 K and standard pressure


Enthalpy
PropertyValueUnit
Translational6.20kJ mol-1
Rotational3.72kJ mol-1
Vibrational306.52kJ mol-1
Total (Trans. + Rot. + Vib.)316.43kJ mol-1
Heat Capacity at Constant Pressure
PropertyValueUnit
Translational20.79J mol-1 K-1
Rotational12.47J mol-1 K-1
Vibrational113.53J mol-1 K-1
Total (Trans. + Rot. + Vib.)146.79J mol-1 K-1
Entropy
PropertyValueUnit
Translational169.83J mol-1 K-1
Rotational121.74J mol-1 K-1
Vibrational119.89J mol-1 K-1
Total (Trans. + Rot. + Vib.)411.47J mol-1 K-1
Other Properties
PropertyValueUnit
Heat of Formation-971.23kJ mol-1

Molecular Orbitals


Vibrational Frequencies


Vibration
Vectors
Balls
  • 1 28.20 cm-1 View
  • 2 40.23 cm-1 View
  • 3 72.19 cm-1 View
  • 4 169.22 cm-1 View
  • 5 241.52 cm-1 View
  • 6 294.09 cm-1 View
  • 7 332.19 cm-1 View
  • 8 390.24 cm-1 View
  • 9 439.64 cm-1 View
  • 10 455.66 cm-1 View
  • 11 487.55 cm-1 View
  • 12 523.30 cm-1 View
  • 13 529.98 cm-1 View
  • 14 591.67 cm-1 View
  • 15 650.49 cm-1 View
  • 16 753.56 cm-1 View
  • 17 830.41 cm-1 View
  • 18 916.29 cm-1 View
  • 19 947.46 cm-1 View
  • 20 1067.54 cm-1 View
  • 21 1082.27 cm-1 View
  • 22 1125.62 cm-1 View
  • 23 1212.80 cm-1 View
  • 24 1239.97 cm-1 View
  • 25 1242.53 cm-1 View
  • 26 1281.33 cm-1 View
  • 27 1338.99 cm-1 View
  • 28 1374.53 cm-1 View
  • 29 1382.22 cm-1 View
  • 30 1436.96 cm-1 View
  • 31 1458.19 cm-1 View
  • 32 1972.52 cm-1 View
  • 33 1981.09 cm-1 View
  • 34 2898.27 cm-1 View
  • 35 2954.72 cm-1 View
  • 36 3026.78 cm-1 View
  • 37 3848.17 cm-1 View
  • 38 3848.62 cm-1 View
  • 39 3850.79 cm-1 View

Aqueous Solvation Energy at 298.15 K


Surface
Dipole
Translucent Molecule
PropertyValueUnit
Total Solvation Energy-16.64kJ mol-1
Polar Solvation Energy-35.21kJ mol-1
Nonpolar Solvation Energy18.56kJ mol-1
Surface Area118.43Å2
Charge of Molecule0
Dipole3.81Debye